All routines, with the exception of vault, have a base start value score of 9.5 with the possibility of an additional five-tenths of bonus points awarded for the combination of difficult elements throughout the exercise. Vaults are given a start value, similar to degree of difficulty in diving, based the type and difficulty level of the vault performed.
Composed of a runway typically 25 meters long, a vault board and a vaulting horse or table 120 centimeters tall, this event is the most explosive event on the floor. Unlike the other events, the vault has no specific requirements and each vault has its own start value.
Vaults are divided into three categories: handsprings, tsukaharas (1/4 on and 1/2 on) and round off entry. Deductions are taken for technical errors in the areas of pre-flight (approach to the horse) and after-flight (distance and height) from the horse to point of landing.
• The gymnast performs just one vault.
Perhaps the most spectacular women’s event, the uneven bars require strength, coordination and timing as the gymnast swings between the high and low bars. The routine must move from the high to low bar, incorporate two release moves and a change of direction of at least 180 degrees. The routine must coordinate grip changes, flight elements and circle swings through handstand positions without pause. The bars also demand great courage, particularly as the athlete releases from the top bar to grasp the lower bar. Individuals may adjust the bar heights, within a three-centimeter range, as well as distance between the bars to suit their routine.
This exercise must consist of at least 10 elements. At least two elements must be on the low bar. Good composition includes elements showing great amplitude, one directional change with a minimum of C value and a C dismount. Pauses for concentration, intermediate swings and uncharacteristic elements are to be avoided. After a fall, the gymnast must resume the exercise within 30 seconds.
• At least two bar changes
• One directional change with a minimum of “C” value
• “C” value dismount
Tumbling and dancing on a four-inch wide beam four feet off the ground requires great concentration from the gymnast. Each gymnast creates her own routine, which must be no more than 90 seconds and utilize the entire length of the beam.
The beam routine should be composed of elements from the following groups: acrobatic elements with and without flight, strength elements such as turns, leaps, body waves and running steps. Special requirements of this event are an acrobatic series, a gymnastics series, a full turn and a leap. The balance beam is 16 feet long, four feet high and only four inches wide. The entire routine must last between one and one-and-a-half minutes. A bell is rung at the 1:20 mark of the routine. If the gymnast does not complete the routine at the end of one-and-a-half minutes, an overtime penalty of .20 is deducted from the score.
• Acro series, minimum of two flight elements, both must start and finish on the beam
• Dance or dance/acro series of two or more elements
• Minimum of 360 degree turn on one foot or knee
• Leap, jump or hop requiring 180 degree split (front or side)
• “C” dismount; or “B” dismount preceded by and directly connected to any “C” element (acro or dance) with the following modification: “B” dismounts not meeting the connection requirement will receive a 0.10 deduction (not 0.20)
Within an area that is 40 feet by 40 feet, the gymnast must perform a routine choreographed to music lasting no more than 90 seconds. In addition to using the entire floor area, the routine must include two acrobatic series - casually known as “tumbling pass”. The requirements for floor include: a tumbling pass with two saltos; three different saltos within the routine; a dance series of at least two elements with one valved as a “C” or higher and a dismount of a “C” or higher. While these elements are required, the ability to integrate these items with music and expressive theatrics to capture the attention of both the judges and the crowd is the key to success on the floor.The composition of the exercise must show harmony between gymnastics and acrobatic elements, create dynamic changes in rhythm and level and show versatile use of the entire floor area. The exercise must contain three different acrobatic series and must last between one and one-and-a-half minutes.
• One acro series (three flight elements, one salto)
• Another acro series, with two saltos (same or different)
• Three different saltos within the exercise
• Dance series of two or more leaps, jumps or hops (one foot take off not required)
• “C” dismount with the following modification: “B” dismounts will receive a 0.10 deduction (not 0.20); All 1 1/4 saltos to prone landing are valued one level higher than landing on feet