The judges work from a baseline score, or start value, of 9.5 in college competition from which to evaluate each gymnast’s performance. The possibility of the five-tenths of a point bonus comes from the way in which the routines are constructed. Routines are broken down in scoring as follows:
|Value parts (difficulty)||3.00|
|Total Possible Score||10.0|
Routines are composed of elements that pose different levels of difficulty, ranging from A (easy) to E (highest difficulty). Certain events require specific levels of difficulty or numbers of routines from a specific level of difficulty.
|General deductions are taken from a gymnast’s score for:|
|Fall from apparatus or on floor||0.5|
|Stepping out of bounds (floor exercise)||0.1|
|Heavy brush of feet or hand touch on floor||0.3|
|Presentation to judge omitted (before/after)||0.1|
|Intermediate swing (bars)||0.3|
|Concentration pauses longer than 2 sec.||0.1|
|Exceeding time limits or under time limit||0.2|
Other execution deductions are taken for errors such as bent arms and legs or separation of legs when deemed unnecessary within the skill.
Aerial - a stunt in which the gymnast turns completely over in the air without touching the apparatus with her hands.
Amplitude - the height or degree of execution of a movement.
Arabian Double Front - a double salto forward with a half twist performed before the first flip occurs (half-turn, double-front salto).
Arch Position - the body is curved backwards.
Composition - the structure of a gymnastics routine. Each individual movement or skill is a building block; how they are arranged into an exercise is called the composition of the routine.
Dismount - to leave an apparatus at the end of a routine.
Double Layout - a double back salto performed in the layout position.
Execution - the performance of a routine. Form, style and the technique used to complete skills constitute the level of execution of an exercise. Bent knees, poor toe point and an arched or loosely held body position are all examples of poor execution.
Giant - a swing in which the body is fully extended and moving through a 360 degree rotation around the bar.
Handspring - springing off the hands by putting the weight on the arms and using a strong push from the shoulders; can be done either forward or backward; usually a linking movement.
Layout Position - straight or slightly arched body position, may be seen during a movement or a still position.
Pike Position - body bent forward more than 90 degrees at the hips while the legs are kept straight.
Pirouettes - changing direction by twisting in the handstand position.
Release - leaving the bar to perform a move before regrasping it.
Salto - flip or somersault, with the feet coming up over the head and the body rotating around the axis of the waist.
Tuck - a position in which the knees and hips are bent and drawn into the chest; the body is folded at the waist.
Twist - not to be confused with a salto, a twist occurs when the gymnast rotates around the body’s longitudinal axis, defined by the spine.
Yurchenko Vault - any vault that is initiated with a roundoff onto the spring board.